Science and Faith

Are science and faith in conflict?

It is common to think that they are, because we correlate the figure of the scientist with that of the atheist, of the totally rational man, but this isn’t always true.

 Antonino Zichichi, an Italian physicist and science communicator, tells us: “There is no scientific discovery that can be used to doubt or deny the existence of God”.

 In all scientific fields there are considerable numbers of believers: in chemistry  Antoine Lavoisier, father of the modern chemistry, and John Dalton, initiator of the atomic theory; in physics Alessandro Volta, inventor of the first electric battery; in mathematics there are countless figures including Cauchy and Riemann, and so on in all sciences. 

Rather, studying the perfection of the human body, observing the wonders of the cosmos, from the proton to the boundaries of the universe, for some scientists believing in God becomes more logical and scientific than believing in nothing.

 Here are some small fragments about this discussion still unresolved and that according to many people will never be resolved.

Regarding physics, in the last few years, we have been talking about the “God particle”, the Higgs boson, that proves the existence of the Higgs field, a kind of ubiquitous fluid that gives mass to particles with which it interacts. It has been called “God particle” because thanks to it everything has mass and matter exists as we know it. 

Always in physics, the birth of universe is a proof of how science and faith are not in conflict: for Christians “it’s the divine will that builds nature from nothing” and for science it was the Big Bang, and both affirm that there was a beginning of the universe and that it hasn’t been existing since ever. 

One point of cosmology is how the universe is perfect for life: Stephen Hawking writes: “If the rate of expansion, one second after the Big Bang, had been less than even one part in a hundred thousand million, the universe would have fallen back on itself before it could reach its present size.” From an egocentric point of view, we can in fact interpret how all the events in the history of the universe up to us are meant to allow our existence.

 Turning to biology, one of its wonders is DNA, the most complex molecule discovered, which stores all the information of an organism. DNA is divided into genes that could or couldn’t be coding for a protein. Without this molecule the existence of proteins is highly improbable. A common protein is usually made up of 200 amino acids that are arranged in a certain fixed order. Without DNA to determine the order of the amino acids, the probability that they are correctly arranged is one out of 10 elevated to 260 and the more complex the molecule is the more improbable is its formation without DNA. 

This is the complexity of the universe and there is no answer about the existence of God, only personal opinions of scientists. 

 American biologist Kenneth R. Miller closed the question saying: “Science is about nature. And God, if He exists, transcends nature.”

Aymane Marfoq

Bibliography:

https://www.focus.it/cultura/storia/la-scienza-e-la-ricerca-di-dio

https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2018/12/28/dna-e-proteine-la-prova-scientifica-dellesistenza-di-dio/4860568/

https://www.nelfuturo.com/La-scienza-ha-scoperto-Dio

https://www.riflessioni.it/testi/zichichi.htm

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