DIABETES

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the presence of high quantities of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia), caused by functional disorders or by problems in the production of insulin.Insulin is a hormone produced by β-cells of the “Islets of Langerhans” that are in the pancreas. Insulin allows the penetration of glucose into the cells…

VACCINES – BETWEEN PRESENT AND PAST

The discovery of vaccination, as a technique for defeating infectious diseases, dates back to 1796 by a British doctor: Edward Jenner. Edward grafted into the arm of an 8-year-old boy a small amount of infected material taken from the wounds of a sick woman of Vaiolo Vaccino, the smallpox form that affected cattle and, in…

BATS, VIRUSES WITH WINGS

Bats are the only flying mammals existing and are in the spotlight of world researchers every time a new epidemic spread, particularly when it is caused by a virus. Bats are literally called virus reservoirs. To explain their correlation with viruses, let us take a few steps back.In living beings the concept of longevity is…

HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION OF COVID-19 VACCINE

Researchers from the University of Oxford selected healthy volunteers (aged between 18 and 55 years) in March for the upcoming vaccine testing in the Thames region; the aim is toevaluate whether healthy people are observed to be protected from COVID-19 with a new vaccine called ChAdOx1 nCoV-19.This vaccine consists of an Adenovirus that causes infections…

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Biotechnology is the use of living beings in order to obtain goods or services useful for satisfying the needs of society “- Wikipedia. Biotechnology is in continuous development; it designs and creates surreal innovations that we would never have expected to see years ago.The creation of living robots is very recent: they are biological machines…

AUTISM

Autism is a complex disease characterized by serious disturbances in communication, behaviour and interaction with others. In the most severe forms, affected people do not speak, they tend to isolate themselves and exhibit stereotyped behaviour and intellectual disabilities. However, there are also lighter forms in which, despite communication problems, intellectual and language skills are not…

SQUID’S RNA

While the whole world is upside down because of the covid-19 virus, there are some smart scientists that are working on squids’ RNA. After many studies, Joshua Rosenthal and his team have discovered that the Longfin Inshore squids are the first known animals that can tweak strings of RNA outside of a nerve cell’s nucleus….

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT EBOLA

After watching the American television miniseries ‘the hot zone – contagion area’ created by James V. Hart that tells of the ebola case that occurred in the United States in 1989 on chimpanzees, which made scientists worry about a possible epidemic, I decided to deepen the topic.As explained in the documentary, the case in question…

WHEN ENCEPHALITIS LOOKS LIKE MADNESS

Do you know what happens when your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy brain cells?It leads to inflammation of the brain, and this rare condition is called Autoimmune Encephalitis. People with autoimmune encephalitis may have various neurologic and/or psychiatric symptoms. That’s why the diagnosis of this disease is very difficult to make. ● SYMPTOMS CORRELATED…